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Chromosome Definition

A chromosome is a tightly coiled strand of DNA in cells. For example, humans have 46 chromosomes, half from each parent.

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Genes & Mutations

Fun Facts

  • In asexual reproduction, all chromosomes come from a single parent.
  • Genes are sections of genetic material located in specific areas on chromosomes.
  • Mutations in chromosomes can make proteins incorrectly.

Why Do We Need To Know About Chromosome

Learning about chromosomes helps us understand how life is built at the genetic level, which is very important for many jobs in science. For example, forensic scientists use DNA, which makes up chromosomes, to solve crimes by finding special genetic markers that everyone has differently. They make a lot of copies of the DNA to spot changes that can point to a criminal. This shows how knowing about chromosomes is used in solving crimes.

In the same way, scientists who study viruses need to know about chromosomes and how they can change. This helps them track how viruses change over time, create treatments, and handle outbreaks, which can save many lives. These examples show that understanding chromosomes is important in jobs that help keep people healthy and safe.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is DNA and why is it important?
DNA is short for deoxyribonucleic acid and it is the genetic material that contains the code that makes an organism.
What are chromosomes and what do they do?
Chromosomes are tightly coiled strands of DNA that are in the cells of all living things.
What are genes and how do we get them?
Genes are sections of DNA that are found in our chromosomes. Genes are passed from parents to offspring.
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