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Endoskeleton Definition

An endoskeleton is an internal skeletal system made of bones. For example, humans have an endoskeleton.

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Comparative Anatomy

Fun Facts

  • Organisms can have an endoskeleton on the inside, or an exoskeleton on the outside.
  • The more similar their endoskeletons, the more closely related organism are in their evolutionary past.
  • Humans, pigs, frogs, and chickens all have endoskeletons.

Why Do We Need To Know About Endoskeleton

Learning about the endoskeleton helps us understand how a living creature develops from a single cell into its full form. This knowledge is very important for scientists who study how living things grow. These scientists look into why sometimes things go wrong when a baby is growing inside its mother, like when a baby is exposed to harmful substances that can cause birth defects. Their research helps warn future parents about the risks of certain drugs and alcohol. This shows how knowing about the endoskeleton is important for our health.

Veterinarians, or animal doctors, also need to know about the endoskeleton and how different animals’ bodies are built to help treat all kinds of animals, from pets to exotic animals. This knowledge helps them treat animals they may not see often. For example, knowing how a common turtle’s skeleton works can help a vet treat a rare turtle. This shows that understanding the endoskeleton is very useful in taking care of animals.

Frequently Asked Questions

How are male and female human skeletons the same and different?
All bones in males and females are arranged in the same ways, but on average males have slightly wider shoulders and females have slightly wider pelvises.
How are a dog, a dolphin, and a bat similar to a human?
Dogs, dolphins, bats, and humans all have a similar pattern in their upper arm bone structure—one big bone connected to two bones, connected to many bones, connected to finger-like bones.
What do a bald eagle, a Komodo dragon, and a lizard have in common?
Their bones have the same basic pattern, and their skulls connect directly to the spine.
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