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Intro to the Number Line
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 We will learn how a number line can help us compare numbers!
 We'll also learn how to use a number line to add and subtract!
 And we'll explore how this knowledge can help us take care of pets, compare snacks, and even count balloons.

Discussion Questions

Before VideoIs the number 2 closer to the number 0 or closer to the number 5? How do you know?ANSWER

The number 2 is closer to 0 than to 5 since it is two units from 0 and three units from 5.

The numbers 4 and 7 are closest to each other since they are three units apart while all the other numbers are more than three units apart.

I can make a ten: 41 + (1 + 19) = 41 + 20 = 61.

I can skip count back by 10 and again by 5. So I have 55 – 10 = 45 and 45 – 5 = 40. 55 – 15 is 40.

The number 65 is halfway between 50 and 80.


After VideoDoes a number line always start at 0?ANSWER

No, a number line can start and end at any number.

I start at the number 8 and make 7 single hops or jumps to the right and land on the number 15.

I start at 290 and skip count one hop left of 100 units to land on 190, then I make five hops left of 10 units and land on 140, and then I make one hop left of 5 units to land on 135. 290 – 155 = 135.

The open number line can show different spacing. I can add very large numbers together on an open number line.

I can start at 212. I can start at 200 or 210.



Vocabulary

Number line
DEFINE
A straight line with numbers placed in increasing order from left to right.

Tick mark
DEFINE
A mark on the number line. Each mark represents a number.

Compare
DEFINE
To determine which number in a set of numbers is greater or greatest.

Addition
DEFINE
To combine groups to find a new total.

Subtraction
DEFINE
To take away one number from another.

Open number line
DEFINE
A number line with no tick marks or end points.

Skip counting
DEFINE
Counting by more than 1s (for example, counting by 2s, 5s, 10s, or 100s).

Number line
DEFINE

Reading Material
Download as PDF Download PDF View as Separate PageWHAT IS A NUMBER LINE?A number line is a line that shows numbers, in order. A number line can start at any number and end at any number. You can use number lines to count, add, and subtract.
To better understand number lines…
WHAT IS A NUMBER LINE?. A number line is a line that shows numbers, in order. A number line can start at any number and end at any number. You can use number lines to count, add, and subtract. To better understand number lines…LET’S BREAK IT DOWN!
Compare numbers of jelly beans.
You have 12 jelly beans. Your friend has 15 jelly beans. Who has more? You can compare numbers on a number line. Number lines have tick marks to mark numbers. Numbers increase from left to right. 15 is to the right of 12 on a number line. So, 15 is greater.
Compare numbers of jelly beans. You have 12 jelly beans. Your friend has 15 jelly beans. Who has more? You can compare numbers on a number line. Number lines have tick marks to mark numbers. Numbers increase from left to right. 15 is to the right of 12 on a number line. So, 15 is greater.Add numbers of parrot seeds.
You give your parrot 12 seeds in the morning and 8 seeds in the afternoon. You can use a number line to find the total number of seeds you give your parrot each day: 12 + 8. First, mark the 12 on the number line. Then jump 8 numbers to the right. This is like counting on 8 numbers. The last number you land on is 20. So, 12 + 8 = 20.
Add numbers of parrot seeds. You give your parrot 12 seeds in the morning and 8 seeds in the afternoon. You can use a number line to find the total number of seeds you give your parrot each day: 12 + 8. First, mark the 12 on the number line. Then jump 8 numbers to the right. This is like counting on 8 numbers. The last number you land on is 20. So, 12 + 8 = 20.Add 2digit numbers on a number line.
You can add bigger numbers in parts by skip counting. Find 20 + 24. Start at 20 on the number line. One way to jump 24 is to jump 10 and 10 and 4. The last number you land on is 44. 20 + 24 = 44. You could make jumps of any size, as long as you jump 24 in all.
Add 2digit numbers on a number line. You can add bigger numbers in parts by skip counting. Find 20 + 24. Start at 20 on the number line. One way to jump 24 is to jump 10 and 10 and 4. The last number you land on is 44. 20 + 24 = 44. You could make jumps of any size, as long as you jump 24 in all.Add 3digit numbers on a number line.
A shop sells 213 cookies and 44 cakes. How many items do they sell in all? You can start at either number. One way to add is to make a point at 44 and jump 213. To jump 213 you can jump 100, 100, 10, and 3. You land at 144, 244, 254, and finally 257. 213 + 44 = 257.
Add 3digit numbers on a number line. A shop sells 213 cookies and 44 cakes. How many items do they sell in all? You can start at either number. One way to add is to make a point at 44 and jump 213. To jump 213 you can jump 100, 100, 10, and 3. You land at 144, 244, 254, and finally 257. 213 + 44 = 257.Subtract numbers on a number line.
You can also subtract numbers on an open number line. To subtract, you place a point at the greater number. Then you jump back to the left, like counting back. To subtract 71 – 32, put a point at 71. Then jump back 32. One way is to jump back 1 to 70. Then 1 more to 69. Then you can jump back 10, 10, and 10 (or 30). The last number you land on is 39. 71 – 32 = 39.
Subtract numbers on a number line. You can also subtract numbers on an open number line. To subtract, you place a point at the greater number. Then you jump back to the left, like counting back. To subtract 71 – 32, put a point at 71. Then jump back 32. One way is to jump back 1 to 70. Then 1 more to 69. Then you can jump back 10, 10, and 10 (or 30). The last number you land on is 39. 71 – 32 = 39. 
Practice Word Problems

Practice Number Problems

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Science & Math$_{/yr}

Science Only$_{/yr}
Of the numbers 0, 7, 13, 18, and 26, which two numbers are closest together?
Add 11 + 12 on a number line.
Use an open number line to subtract 488 – 340.
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