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Intro to Ratios
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 That a ratio describes the relationship between two quantities.
 How to make equivalent ratios and show them on a graph.
 That this knowledge can help us learn about pets, volunteer at an animal shelter, and find great deals when shopping.

Discussion Questions

Before VideoWhen you hear the phrase “10% fruit,” what part of the juice is fruit and what part is water?ANSWER

10% is fruit and 90% is water.

15.
ANSWER
There are 10 cats and 30 dogs.

A whole is split into 5 equal parts, and 3 of the parts are shaded.

3 parts are shaded, and 2 parts are not shaded.


After VideoGive an example of a parttowhole ratio in words and in symbols.ANSWER

Orange juice is 2 parts fruit concentrate out of 5 parts total. [ggfrac]2/5[/ggfrac] of the juice is fruit concentrate.

There are 3 pink carnations for every 2 red roses. 3 : 2

[ggfrac]8/40[/ggfrac] are teachers. 8 teachers : 32 students. 32 students : 8 teachers. [ggfrac]32/40[/ggfrac] are students.

10 : 20. 25 : 50. 300 : 600. 1,000 : 2,000. (The goal is to get past multiplying and dividing by 2.)

Use one row of data for the xcoordinates and the other row for the ycoordinates. Place a point for each ratio and draw a line between the points.



Vocabulary

Ratio
DEFINE
A comparison of two amounts.

Colon
DEFINE
The math symbol used for the word “to.”

Fraction
DEFINE
A numerator over a denominator, separated by a fraction bar.

Equivalent fractions
DEFINE
Fractions that have the same value even though they contain different numbers.

Parttopart ratio
DEFINE
A comparison of two parts from the same whole.

Parttowhole ratio
DEFINE
A comparison of one of the parts of a whole to the total amount in the whole.

Simplify
DEFINE
To make as simple as possible (for example, converting a ratio of 20 : 48 to a ratio of 5 : 12).

Coordinate Grid
DEFINE
A twodimensional space for graphing points and lines, set up with a horizontal xaxis and a vertical yaxis.

Ratio
DEFINE

Reading Material
Download as PDF Download PDF View as Separate PageWHAT ARE RATIOS?A ratio describes the relationship between different amounts. A ratio can describe the relationship between two parts of a group, or between one part and the whole group.
To better understand ratios…
WHAT ARE RATIOS?. A ratio describes the relationship between different amounts. A ratio can describe the relationship between two parts of a group, or between one part and the whole group. To better understand ratios…LET’S BREAK IT DOWN!
A ratio shows a relationship between two amounts.
A bunny has 2 eyes and 1 nose. That’s a ratio of 2 to 1. You can also write it as 2 : 1. If there are two bunnies, the ratio of eyes to noses becomes 4 to 2, or 4 : 2. For three bunnies, the ratio is 6 to 3, or 6 : 3, and for four bunnies, the ratio is 8 to 4, or 8 : 4. Like with equivalent fractions, you can multiply both numbers in a ratio to get another, equivalent ratio. Multiply 2 : 1 by 3 to get 6 : 3, or 6 eyes on 3 bunnies. Try this one yourself: A sign has 5 parts red for every 1 part white. With the same color ratio, a larger sign has 20 parts red. How many parts white does the larger sign have?
A ratio shows a relationship between two amounts. A bunny has 2 eyes and 1 nose. That’s a ratio of 2 to 1. You can also write it as 2 : 1. If there are two bunnies, the ratio of eyes to noses becomes 4 to 2, or 4 : 2. For three bunnies, the ratio is 6 to 3, or 6 : 3, and for four bunnies, the ratio is 8 to 4, or 8 : 4. Like with equivalent fractions, you can multiply both numbers in a ratio to get another, equivalent ratio. Multiply 2 : 1 by 3 to get 6 : 3, or 6 eyes on 3 bunnies. Try this one yourself: A sign has 5 parts red for every 1 part white. With the same color ratio, a larger sign has 20 parts red. How many parts white does the larger sign have?Parttowhole ratios are related to fractions.
A pack of 5 markers contains 1 blue marker. This is a parttowhole ratio. We can represent parttowhole ratios with fractions. Write this ratio as [ggfrac]1/5[/ggfrac]. We can use equivalent fractions to represent the number of blue markers in more packs. Two packs of markers have 2 blue markers out of 10 total, or [ggfrac]2/10[/ggfrac]. This is the same as multiplying the original numerator, 1, by 2 and multiplying the original denominator, 5, by 2. Try this one yourself: Find the parttowhole ratio that describes the number of blue markers in 10 packs of markers.
Parttowhole ratios are related to fractions. A pack of 5 markers contains 1 blue marker. This is a parttowhole ratio. We can represent parttowhole ratios with fractions. Write this ratio as [ggfrac]1/5[/ggfrac]. We can use equivalent fractions to represent the number of blue markers in more packs. Two packs of markers have 2 blue markers out of 10 total, or [ggfrac]2/10[/ggfrac]. This is the same as multiplying the original numerator, 1, by 2 and multiplying the original denominator, 5, by 2. Try this one yourself: Find the parttowhole ratio that describes the number of blue markers in 10 packs of markers.Parttopart ratios don’t show the whole.
A fish tank contains 20 fish: 14 blue and 6 yellow. The ratio [ggfrac]14/20[/ggfrac] describes the number of blue fish out of the total. The ratio [ggfrac]6/20[/ggfrac] describes the number of yellow fish out of the total. These are both parttowhole ratios. You can also use 'parttopart' ratios to show this information. The ratio 14 : 6 compares the number of blue fish to the number of yellow fish. Similarly, the ratio 6 : 14 compares the number of yellow fish to the number of blue fish. Try this one yourself: A bag of marbles has 8 red marbles out of 15 total. The marbles that aren’t red are purple. Find the parttopart ratio that compares the number of red marbles to the number of purple marbles. Then find the parttopart ratio that compares the number of purple marbles to the number of red marbles.
Parttopart ratios don’t show the whole. A fish tank contains 20 fish: 14 blue and 6 yellow. The ratio [ggfrac]14/20[/ggfrac] describes the number of blue fish out of the total. The ratio [ggfrac]6/20[/ggfrac] describes the number of yellow fish out of the total. These are both parttowhole ratios. You can also use 'parttopart' ratios to show this information. The ratio 14 : 6 compares the number of blue fish to the number of yellow fish. Similarly, the ratio 6 : 14 compares the number of yellow fish to the number of blue fish. Try this one yourself: A bag of marbles has 8 red marbles out of 15 total. The marbles that aren’t red are purple. Find the parttopart ratio that compares the number of red marbles to the number of purple marbles. Then find the parttopart ratio that compares the number of purple marbles to the number of red marbles.You can simplify ratios by scaling them down.
Simplifying ratios can make the comparisons easier to understand. Let’s say a local animal shelter has 24 dogs and 16 cats, or 24 : 16.
You can divide both numbers by the same divisor to find an equivalent ratio. Divide by 2 to get 12 : 8. Divide by 2 again to get 6 : 4. Divide by 2 one more time to get 3 : 2. You could also divide 24 : 16 by 8 to get 3 : 2. Try this one yourself:
Simplify the ratio “100 parakeets to 75 hamsters.”You can simplify ratios by scaling them down. Simplifying ratios can make the comparisons easier to understand. Let’s say a local animal shelter has 24 dogs and 16 cats, or 24 : 16. You can divide both numbers by the same divisor to find an equivalent ratio. Divide by 2 to get 12 : 8. Divide by 2 again to get 6 : 4. Divide by 2 one more time to get 3 : 2. You could also divide 24 : 16 by 8 to get 3 : 2. Try this one yourself: Simplify the ratio “100 parakeets to 75 hamsters.”Ratios can help you find the best deal.
Emily saw a deal online, where 4 tshirts cost $20. Amari saw another deal advertising the same tshirts, where 8 tshirts cost $32. You can use ratios to decide which deal is better. Emily can describe her ratio as “$20 to 4 shirts.” Dividing each of these numbers by 4, that is equivalent to $5 : 1 shirt. Amari can describe his deal as “$32 to 8 shirts.” Dividing each of these numbers by 8, that is equivalent to $4 : 1 shirt. Buying shirts with Amari’s deal saves $1 for each shirt, so it is the better deal. Try this one yourself:Which is the better deal: 5 pairs of socks for $15, or 2 pairs of socks for $12?
Ratios can help you find the best deal. Emily saw a deal online, where 4 tshirts cost $20. Amari saw another deal advertising the same tshirts, where 8 tshirts cost $32. You can use ratios to decide which deal is better. Emily can describe her ratio as “$20 to 4 shirts.” Dividing each of these numbers by 4, that is equivalent to $5 : 1 shirt. Amari can describe his deal as “$32 to 8 shirts.” Dividing each of these numbers by 8, that is equivalent to $4 : 1 shirt. Buying shirts with Amari’s deal saves $1 for each shirt, so it is the better deal. Try this one yourself:Which is the better deal: 5 pairs of socks for $15, or 2 pairs of socks for $12?Graphing ratios shows patterns more visually.
A carnival game involves a basketball hoop. For each basket you make, you win 3 tickets. This is a ratio of 3 : 1. You can use multiplication to make a set of equivalent ratios: 6 : 2, 9 : 3, 12 : 4, 15 : 5. These ratios can be displayed on a coordinate grid. The number of baskets goes on the xaxis, and the number of tickets goes on the yaxis. Then the ratios also represent coordinate pairs: (3, 1), (6, 2), (9, 3), (12, 4), (15, 5). Each point is 3 right and 1 up from the previous point. To predict the number of tickets more easily, draw a straight line through these points and keep going up and to the right. Try this one yourself:To get into a carnival, each child admission ticket is $5. Graph the cost of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 admission tickets on a coordinate grid. Draw a line through these points to find the cost of 8 admission tickets.
Graphing ratios shows patterns more visually. A carnival game involves a basketball hoop. For each basket you make, you win 3 tickets. This is a ratio of 3 : 1. You can use multiplication to make a set of equivalent ratios: 6 : 2, 9 : 3, 12 : 4, 15 : 5. These ratios can be displayed on a coordinate grid. The number of baskets goes on the xaxis, and the number of tickets goes on the yaxis. Then the ratios also represent coordinate pairs: (3, 1), (6, 2), (9, 3), (12, 4), (15, 5). Each point is 3 right and 1 up from the previous point. To predict the number of tickets more easily, draw a straight line through these points and keep going up and to the right. Try this one yourself:To get into a carnival, each child admission ticket is $5. Graph the cost of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 admission tickets on a coordinate grid. Draw a line through these points to find the cost of 8 admission tickets.Many careers use ratios.
Chefs use ratios to calculate the right amount of ingredients to use in a recipe. Florists use ratios to determine how many flowers are needed in each arrangement at a banquet. One of the responsibilities of a doctor is prescribing medication. Doctors often use ratios based on body weight to determine the proper dosages their patients should take.
Many careers use ratios. Chefs use ratios to calculate the right amount of ingredients to use in a recipe. Florists use ratios to determine how many flowers are needed in each arrangement at a banquet. One of the responsibilities of a doctor is prescribing medication. Doctors often use ratios based on body weight to determine the proper dosages their patients should take. 
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A rectangle is divided into 8 equal squares. 3 squares are shaded. Describe the rectangle with a parttopart ratio and a parttowhole ratio.
A recipe calls for 4 eggs and 10 cups of flour. Find and write 4 equivalent ratios to make more or less of the recipe.
A pen has 2 sheep for every 6 goats. Find and write 3 equivalent ratios of sheep to goats. Graph the ratios on a coordinate plane.
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