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Pennsylvania Standards Alignment

We Cover 90% of the Academic Standards in Pennsylvania.

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Generation Genius LessonStateStandards DocumentGradeState IDStandardsSort
PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.1.K.C3Describe changes that occur as a result of climate.1
PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A.4Know that technologies include physical technology systems (e.g., construction, manufacturing, transportation), informational systems and biochemical-related systems.2
PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A1Describe basic landforms.2
PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A6Identify basic landforms using models and simple maps.2
PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A.3Describe the purpose of analyzing systems.2
PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.E.1Recognize change as fundamental to science and technology concepts.2
PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B.2Use observations to develop a descriptive vocabulary.2
Adaptations and the Environment; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.C1Recognize that plants survive through adaptations, such as stem growth towards light and root growth downward in response to gravity.2
Adaptations and the Environment; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.C2Give examples of how inherited characteristics (e.g., shape of beak, length of neck, location of eyes, shape of teeth) may change over time as adaptations to changes in the environment that enable organisms to survive.2
Animal & Planet Life CyclesPAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A.3Describe basic needs of plants and animals.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.1.2.A3Identify similarities and differences in the life cycles of plants and animals.1
Animal & Plant Life Cycles;PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.1.K.A3Observe, compare, and describe stages of life cycles for plants and/or animals.1
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.A3Identify differences in the life cycles of plants and animals.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A3Identify differences in the life cycles of plants and animals.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A8Construct and interpret models and diagrams of various animal and plant life cycles.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B2Recognize that reproduction is necessary for the continuation of life.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.A3Compare and contrast the similarities and differences in life cycles of different organisms.2
Animal Group Behavior;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.C1Describe how organisms meet some of their needs in an environment by using behaviors (patterns of activities) in response to information (stimuli) received from the environment.2
Animal Group Behavior; Adaptations and the Environment; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.C1Identify different characteristics of plants and animals that help some populations survive and reproduce in greater numbers.2
Balanced & Unbalanced Forces; CollisionsPAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B1Explain how mass of an object resists change to motion.2
Brain Processing of Senses; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B.1Recognize observational descriptors from each of the five senses (e.g., see-blue, feel-rough)2
Brain Processing of Senses; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.C.3Conduct an experiment.2
Brain Processing of Senses; How Do We Use Food; Animal & Plant Life Cycles; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A.1Identify life processes of living things (e.g., growth, digestion, react to environment).2
Brain Processing of Senses; Structure of Living Things; Adaptations and the Environment; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.C2Describe plant and animal adaptations that are important to survival.2
Chemical vs. Physical Changes;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.2.2.A4Experiment and explain what happens when two or more substances are combined (e.g. mixing, dissolving, and separated (e.g. filtering, evaporation).1
Chemical vs. Physical Changes; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A4Recognize that combining two or more substances may make new materials with different properties.2
Classification of Living Things;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A1Classify plants and animals according to the physical characteristics that they share.2
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.A5Explain how the cycling of water, both in and out of the atmosphere, has an effect on climate.2
Collisions; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B3Demonstrate how heat energy is usually a byproduct of an energy transformation.2
Collisions; Energy Transfer; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B6Give examples of how energy can be transformed from one form to another.2
Collisions; Energy Transfer; Wave Properties; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B2Explore energy’s ability to cause motion or create change.2
Conservation of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.E.2Examine and explain change by using time and measurement.2
Conservation of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A3Demonstrate the conservation of mass during physical changes such as melting or freezing.2
Earth’s Orbit and Rotation; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B2Explain time (days, seasons) using solar system motions.2
Earth’s Orbit and Rotation; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.B1Provide evidence that the earth revolves around (orbits) the sun in a year’s time and that the earth rotates on its axis once approximately every 24 hours.2
Ecosystems; Structure of Living Things; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A5Describe common functions living things share to help them function in a specific environment.2
Electricity & Circuits;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B4Identify and classify objects and materials that are conductors or insulators of electricity.2
Electricity & Circuits;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B4Apply knowledge of basic electrical circuits to the design and construction of simple direct current circuits.2
Electricity & Circuits;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B4Compare and contrast series and parallel circuits.2
Energy Transfer;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B2Explore how energy can be found in moving objects, light, sound, and heat.2
Energy Transfer; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B2Examine how energy can be transferred from one form to another.2
Energy Transfer; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B3Understand that objects that emit light often emit heat.2
Energy Transfer; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B4Demonstrate how electrical circuits provide a means of transferring electrical energy when heat, light, sound, and chemical changes are produced.2
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A.2Identify system parts that are natural and human-made (e.g., ball point pen, simple electrical circuits, plant anatomy).2
External Plant Parts (K-2 Series)PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.A5Identify the structures in plants that are responsible for food production, support, water transport, reproduction, growth, and protection.2
Extreme Weather Solutions;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.D.4Describe the solution, identify its impacts and modify if necessary.2
Extreme Weather Solutions; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.D.2Identify possible solutions and their course of action.2
Extreme Weather Solutions; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.D.3Try a solution.2
Fossils & Extinction;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.1.2.C3Describe some plants and animals that once lived on Earth, (e.g., dinosaurs) but cannot be found anymore. Compare them to now living things that resemble them in some way (e.g. lizards and birds).1
Fossils & Extinction; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.D.1Compare extinct life forms with living organisms.2
Fossils & Extinction; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.C3Compare fossils to one another and to currently living organisms according to their anatomical similarities and differences.2
Fossils & Extinction; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A3Recognize that fossils provide evidence about the plants and animals that lived long ago and the nature of the environment at that time.2
Fossils & Extinction; Earth's Landscapes; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.C3Recognize that fossils provide us with information about living things that inhabited the Earth long ago.2
Fossils & Extinction; Ecosystems; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.C1Describe how environmental changes can cause extinction in plants and animals.2
Four Seasons and Day Length; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.1.K.C2Describe changes animals and plants undergo throughout the seasons.1
Four Seasons and Day Length; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.3.K.A5Identify seasonal changes in the environment.1
Habitats;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.1.1.C3Describe changes that occur as a result of habitat.1
Heating and Cooling; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.A3Identify how heating, melting, cooling, etc., may cause changes in properties of materials.1
Heating and Cooling; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.A4Observe and describe what happens when substances are heated or cooled. Distinguish between changes that are reversible (melting, freezing) and not reversible (e.g. baking a cake, burning fuel).1
Heating and Cooling; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.2.2.A3Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials.1
How Do We Use Food;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.B6Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.1
How Do We Use Food;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.2.2.B6Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.1
How Do We Use Food;PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.2.K.B6Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.1
How Do We Use Food; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A2Describe the different resources that plants and animals need to live.2
How Do We Use Food; Food Webs; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.A2Describe how life on earth depends on energy from the sun.2
How Do We Use Food; Food Webs; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B6Recognize that light from the sun is an important source of energy for living and nonliving systems and some source of energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.2
How Do We Use Food; Living vs. Non-Living Things;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.A2Describe the basic needs of living things and their dependence on light, food, air, water, and shelter.2
Human Body Systems;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B.2Determine how different parts of a living thing work together to make the organism function.2
Interactions of Earth’s Spheres; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B3Explore temperature changes that result from the addition or removal of heat.2
Introduction to Light; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.B5Compare and contrast how light travels through different materials. Explore how mirrors and prisms can be used to redirect a light beam.1
Introduction to Sound (K-2 Series)PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B5Relate the rate of vibration to the pitch of the sound.2
Introduction to Traits; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.1.K.B1Observe and describe how young animals resemble their parents and other animals of the same kind.1
Introduction to Weather; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.3.1.A5Become familiar with weather instruments. Collect, describe, and record basic information about weather over time.1
Introduction to Weather; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.B3Observe and record daily temperatures. Draw conclusions from daily temperature records as related to heating and cooling.1
Introduction to Weather; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.3.K.A5Distinguish between types of precipitation.1
Introduction to Weather; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.3.K.A5Record daily weather conditions using simple charts and graphs1
Light Reflection & Vision; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B.3Apply appropriate simple modeling tools and techniques.2
Light Reflection & Vision; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B.2Identify and apply models as tools for prediction and insight.2
Light Reflection & Vision; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B5Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one material to another.2
Living vs. Non-Living Things; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.1.1.A1Categorize living and nonliving things by external characteristics.1
Living vs. Non-Living Things; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.1.2.C2Explain that living things can only survive if their needs are being met.1
Living vs. Non-Living Things; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.1.K.A1Identify the similarities and differences of living and nonliving things.1
Magnets & Static Electricity; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B4Identify and classify objects and materials as magnetic or non-magnetic.2
Magnets & Static Electricity; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B4Demonstrate that magnets have poles that repel and attract each other.2
Magnets & Static Electricity; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B4Demonstrate how electromagnets can be made and used.2
Material Properties and Purposes; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.2.K.A1Identify and classify objects by observable properties of matter. Compare different kinds of materials and discuss their uses.1
Moon & Its Phases;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.A.1Identify and describe what parts make up a system.2
Moon & Its Phases; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.C.2Use knowledge of natural patterns to predict next occurrences (e.g., seasons, leaf patterns, lunar phases).2
Moon & Its Phases; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.3.3.B1Describe the changes that occur in the observable shape of the moon over the course of a month.2
Moon & Its Phases; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B2Identify major lunar phases.2
Moon & Its Phases; Earth’s Orbit and Rotation; Sun and Other Stars; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.3.3.B1Relate the rotation of the earth and day/night, to the apparent movement of the sun, moon, and stars across the sky.2
Moon & Its Phases; Sun and Other Stars; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B2Know the basic characteristics and uses of telescopes.2
Multicellular Organisms;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B.1Identify examples of unicellular and multicellular organisms.2
Natural Resource Distribution;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A2Identify basic properties and uses of Earth’s materials including rocks, soils, water, and gases of the atmosphere.2
Natural Resources; Plant Growth Conditions; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.3.1.A1Observe, describe, and sort earth materials. Compare the composition of different soils.1
Oceans, Lakes and Rivers; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.3.1.A4Identify and describe types of fresh and salt-water bodies (ocean, rivers, lakes, ponds).1
Oceans, Lakes and Rivers; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.3.K.A4Identify sources of water for human consumption and use.1
Oceans, Lakes and Rivers; Water Cycle (3-5 Version);PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.3.2.A4Explore and describe that water exists in solid (ice) and liquid (water) form. Explain and illustrate evaporation and condensation.1
Particle Nature of MatterPAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.D.1Identify the use of scale as it relates to the measurement of distance, volume and mass.2
Particle Nature of MatterPAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.D.2Describe scale as a ratio (e.g., map scales).2
Particle Nature of MatterPAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A2Demonstrate that materials are composed of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.2
Particle Nature of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B.4Identify theories that serve as models (e.g., molecules).2
Particle Nature of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.A1Differentiate between the three states of matter, classifying a substance as a solid, liquid, or gas.2
Particle Nature of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.A3Demonstrate how heating and cooling may cause changes in the properties of materials including phase changes.2
Particle Nature of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A1Compare and contrast solids, liquids, and gases based on their properties.2
Particle Nature of Matter; Water Cycle (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B.1Identify different types of models.2
Parts of a Plant;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.1.1.A5Identify and describe plant parts and their function.1
Parts of a Plant; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.1.2.A5Explain how different parts of a plant work together to make the organism function.1
Patterns in the Sky;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.3.2.B1Observe, describe, and predict seasonal patterns of sunrise and sunset.1
Patterns in the Sky; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.3.1.B1Explain why shadows fall in different places at different times of the day.1
Patterns in the Sky; Moon & Its Phases;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.3.2.B1Observe and record - location of the Sun and the Moon in the sky over a day. - changes in the appearance of the Moon over a month.1
Patterns of Motion & FrictionPAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.E.3Describe relative motion.2
Patterns of Motion & Friction; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.B1Explain how movement can be described in many ways.2
Patterns of Motion & Friction; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B1Explain how an object’s change in motion can be observed and measured.2
Plant & Animal Cells;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.A5Explain the concept of a cell as the basic unit of life.2
Plant & Animal Cells;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.A5Compare and contrast plant and animal cells.2
Plant Growth Conditions; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.3.K.A1Distinguish between three types of earth materials – rock, soil, and sand.1
Plants Need Water And Light; Animal & Plant Life Cycles;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.1.1.B1Grow plants from seed and describe how they grow and change. Compare to adult plants.1
Plants Need Water And Light; Animals Need Food; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.1.1.A2Investigate the dependence of living things on the sun’s energy, water, food/nutrients, air, living space, and shelter.1
Properties of MatterPAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.A2Recognize that all objects and materials in the world are made of matter.2
Properties of MatterPAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.A5Recognize that everything is made of matter.2
Properties of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A1Identify and classify objects based on their observable and measurable physical properties.2
Properties of Matter; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.A1Differentiate between properties of objects such as size, shape, and weight and properties of materials that make up the objects such as color, texture, and hardness.2
Properties of Matter; Chemical vs. Physical Changes; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.E.4Describe the change to objects caused by heat, cold, light or chemicals.2
Properties of Matter; Chemical vs. Physical Changes; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.2.3.A4Use basic reactions to demonstrate observable changes in properties of matter (e.g., burning, cooking).2
Pushes and Pulls; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.B1Observe and describe how pushes and pulls change the motion of objects.1
Pushes and Pulls; Patterns of Motion & Friction;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.B1Demonstrate various types of motion.1
Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.A2Describe the usefulness of Earth’s physical resources as raw materials for the human made world.2
Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources; Energy Transfer; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B2Identify types of energy and their ability to be stored and changed from one form to another.2
Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources; Extreme Weather Solutions; Natural Disasters; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.D.5Show the steps taken and the results.2
Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources; Extreme Weather Solutions; Natural Disasters; What Is Science? (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.D.1Recognize and explain basic problems.2
Rocks & Minerals (Including Rock Cycle)PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.3.3.A2Identify the physical properties of minerals and demonstrate how minerals can be tested for these different physical properties.2
Seasons and Day Length (K-2 Series)PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.C1Recognize that many plants and animals can survive harsh environments because of seasonal behaviors (e.g. hibernation, migration, trees shedding leaves).2
Solids, Liquids and Gases; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.A1Observe and describe the properties of liquids and solids. Investigate what happens when solids are mixed with water and other liquids are mixed with water.1
Solids, Liquids and Gases; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 13.2.1.A5Recognize that everything is made of matter.1
Solids, Liquids and Gases; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.2.2.A5Recognize that everything is made of matter.1
Solids, Liquids and Gases; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.2.K.A5Recognize that everything is made of matter.1
Solids, Liquids and Gases; Heating and Cooling; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.2.K.A3Describe the way matter can change.1
Structure of Living Things;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A.2Know that some organisms have similar external characteristics (e.g., anatomical characteristics; appendages, type of covering, body segments) and that similarities and differences are related to environmental habitat.2
Structure of Living Things; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.A1Describe characteristics of living things that help to identify and classify them.2
Structure of Living Things; Adaptations and the Environment; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.C.1Identify characteristics for animal and plant survival in different climates.2
Structure of Living Things; Animal Group Behavior; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.C2Describe animal characteristics that are necessary for survival.2
Sun and Other Stars;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.D.3Explain the importance of scale in producing models and apply it to a model.2
Sunlight Warms the Earth; PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.2.K.B3Describe how temperature can affect the body.1
Sunlight Warms the Earth; Introduction to Sound; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 23.2.2.B2Explore and describe how different forms of energy cause changes. (e.g., sunlight, heat, wind)1
Tectonic Plates;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A1Identify the layers of the earth.2
The Five Senses; External Animal Parts;PAAcademic StandardsKindergarten3.1.K.A5Observe and describe structures and behaviors of a variety of common animals.1
The Solar System;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B1Describe the earth’s place in the solar system that includes the sun (a star), planets, and many moons.2
The Solar System;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B1Identify planets in our solar system and their basic characteristics.2
The Solar System;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.B1Recognize that the universe contains many billions of galaxies and that each galaxy contains many billions of stars.2
Variation of Traits; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.B1Understand that plants and animals closely resemble their parents.2
Variation of Traits; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.1.3.B5Identify characteristics that appear in both parents and offspring.2
Variation of Traits; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B1Describe features that are observable in both parents and their offspring.2
Variation of Traits; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.B5Identify observable patterns in the physical characteristics of plants or groups of animals.2
Variation of Traits; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.1.5.B1Differentiate between inherited and acquired characteristics of plants and animals.2
Variation of Traits; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.C.2identify physical characteristics that appear in both parents and offspring and differ between families, strains or species.2
Water Cycle (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A5Use models to demonstrate the physical change as water goes from liquid to ice and from liquid to vapor.2
Water Cycle (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.A1Describe how water can be changed from one state to another by adding or taking away heat.2
Water Cycle (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A4Describe phase changes in the forms of water on Earth.2
Water Cycle (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.A4Explain the basic components of the water cycle.2
Water Cycle (3-5 Version); Weathering & Erosion; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A6Identify simple changes in the earth system as air, water, soil and rock interact.2
Water Quality & Distribution; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A4Recognize Earth’s different water resources, including both fresh and saltwater.2
Wave Properties; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B5Demonstrate how vibrating objects make sound and sound can make things vibrate.2
Wave Properties; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.2.5.B5Compare the characteristics of sound as it is transmitted through different materials.2
Wave Properties; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.1.4.C.1Identify observable patterns (e.g., growth patterns in plants, crystal shapes in minerals, climate, structural patterns in bird feathers).2
Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance;PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.B5Demonstrate how light can be reflected, refracted, or absorbed by an object.2
Weather vs. Climate; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.3.3.A4Connect the various forms of precipitation to the weather in a particular place and time.2
Weather vs. Climate; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.3.3.A5Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time.2
Weather vs. Climate; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A5Describe basic weather elements.2
Weather vs. Climate; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A5Identify weather patterns over time.2
Weather vs. Climate; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A6Explain how basic weather elements are measured.2
Weather vs. Climate; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.A5Differentiate between weather and climate.2
Weathering & Erosion; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A.2Provide clear explanations that account for observations and results.2
Weathering & Erosion; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 3-20123.3.3.A1Explain and give examples of the ways in which soil is formed.2
Weathering & Erosion; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.A1Describe how landforms are the result of a combination of destructive forces such as erosion and constructive erosion, deposition of sediment, etc.2
Weathering & Erosion; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 53.3.5.A3Explain how geological processes observed today such as erosion, movement of lithospheric plates, and changes in the composition of the atmosphere are similar to those in the past.2
Weathering & Erosion; PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.3.4.A1Recognize that the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes and rapid processes.2
What Is Science? (3-5 Version)PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A.1Distinguish between a scientific fact and a belief.2
What Is Science? (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.A.3Relate how new information can change existing perceptions.2
What Is Science? (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.C.1Generate questions about objects, organisms and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigations.2
What Is Science? (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.C.2Design an investigation.2
What Is Science? (3-5 Version); PAAcademic StandardsGrade 43.2.4.C.4State a conclusion that is consistent with the information.2
What is Science? (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.A3Explain how knowledge from other fields of study (STEM) integrate to create new technologies.
What is Science? (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.C3Explain why some technological problems are best solved through experimentation.
What is Science? (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.D3Design and use instruments to evaluate data.
What is Science? (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.A3Explain how knowledge gained from other fields of study has a direct effect on the development of technological products and systems.
What is Science? (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.C3Analyze how a multidisciplinary (STEM) approach to problem solving will yield greater results.
What is Science? (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.D3Interpret and evaluate the accuracy of the information obtained and determine its usefulness.
Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B5Demonstrate that visible light is a mixture of many different colors.
Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B5Describe how sound and light energy are transmitted by waves.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A4Describe how water on earth cycles in different forms and in different locations, including underground and in the atmosphere.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A4Differentiate among Earth’s water systems.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A1Compare and contrast the types of energy that drive Earth’s systems.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A5Compare and contrast water vapor, clouds, and humidity.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B1Compare and contrast the size, composition, and surface features of the planets that comprise the solar system as well as the objects orbiting them.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B1Describe how the planets change their position relative to the background of the stars.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.B1Compare and contrast properties and conditions of objects in the solar system to those on Earth.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.B1Explain how gravity is the major force in the formation of the planets, stars, and the solar system.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.B2Describe repeating patterns in the Sun- Earth-Moon system and the positions of stars.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.B2Identify a variety of instruments used to gather evidence about the universe.
The Solar System;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.B2Relate planetary size and distance in our solar system using an appropriate scale model.
Tectonic Plates;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A6Create models of Earth’s common physical features.
Tectonic Plates;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A1Describe the layers of the earth.
Tectonic Plates;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A1Differentiate among the mechanisms by which heat is transferred through the Earth’s system.
Synthetic Materials;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.D2Select and safely use appropriate tools, products and systems for specific tasks.
Synthetic Materials;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E2Examine specialized equipment and practices used to improve the production of food, fiber, fuel, and other useful products and in the care of animals.
Symbiosis (Interactions Between Organisms);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A8Apply the appropriate models to show interactions among organisms in an environment.
Rocks & Minerals (Including Rock Cycle);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A1Define basic features of the rock cycle.
Rock Layers (Geologic Time);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A3Compare geologic processes over time.
Rock Layers (Geologic Time);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A3Explain and give examples of how physical evidence, such as fossils and surface features of glaciation support theories that the Earth has evolved over geologic time.
Rock Layers (Geologic Time);PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A6Describe geologic time as it relates to earth processes.
Reproduction of Living Things;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A4Explain how cells arise from pre-existing cells.
Reproduction of Living Things;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.B1Identify Mendelian patterns of inheritance.
Reproduction of Living Things;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.B2Compare sexual reproduction with asexual reproduction.
Properties of Elements;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.A1Differentiate between volume and mass. Investigate that equal volumes of different substances usually have different masses.
Properties of Elements;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.A5Identify characteristic properties of matter that can be used to separate one substance from the other.
Properties of Elements;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.A1Differentiate between elements, compounds, and mixtures.
Properties of Elements;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.A1Explain how materials are characterized by having a specific amount of mass in each unit of volume (density).
Properties of Elements;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.A1Identify groups of elements that have similar properties.
Properties of Elements;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.A2Identify characteristics of elements derived from the periodic table.
Predicting Natural Disasters;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.B2Describe how technologies can be used to repair damage caused by natural disasters and to break down waste from the use of various products and systems.
Predicting Natural Disasters;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E7Examine subsystems found in the construction of a building.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B2Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B2Describe how energy can be changed from one form to another (transformed) as it moves through a system or transferred from one system to another system.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.B2Identify situations where kinetic energy is transformed into potential energy, and vice versa.
Plant & Animal Cells;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.A4Recognize that all organisms are composed of cells and that many organisms are unicellular and must carry out all life functions in one cell.
Plant & Animal Cells;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.A8Explain why the details of most cells are visible only through a microscope.
Plant & Animal Cells;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B6Investigate that materials may be composed of parts too small to be seen without magnification.
Plant & Animal Cells;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A5Explain how the cell is the basic structural and functional unit of living things.
Photosynthesis & Respiration;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A2Describes how organisms obtain and use energy throughout their lives.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B1Explain how changes in motion require a force.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B1Analyze how observations of displacement, velocity, and acceleration provide necessary and sufficient evidence for the existence of forces.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B1Describe how unbalanced forces acting on an object change its velocity.
Natural Selection; Biotechnology;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.B4Describe how selective breeding and biotechnology can alter the genetic composition of organisms.
Natural Selection;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.C1Describe how natural selection is an underlying factor in a population’s ability to adapt to changes.
Natural Selection;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.1.8.A8Explain mechanisms organisms use to adapt to their environment.
Natural Selection;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.1.8.C1Explain how reproductive success coupled with advantageous traits over many generations contributes to natural selection.
Natural Resource Distribution;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A6Explain how satellite images, models, and maps are used to identify Earth’s resources.
Natural Resource Distribution;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A2Explain land use in relation to soil type and topography.
Multicellular Organisms;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.A6Identify examples of unicellular and multicellular organisms.
Multicellular Organisms;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A6Identify the levels of organization from cell to organism.
Multicellular Organisms;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A7Compare life processes (e.g. growth, digestion) at the organism level with life processes at the cellular level.
Moon & Its Phases;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B2Use models to demonstrate that the phases of the moon are a result of its orbit around Earth.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.A1Distinguish the differences in properties of solids, liquids, and gases.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B3Explain the effect of heat on particle motion by describing what happens to particles during a phase change.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B3Give examples of how heat moves in predictable ways, normally flowing from warmer objects to cooler ones until they reach the same temperature.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B6Demonstrate that heat moves in predictable ways from warmer objects to cooler ones.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.A3Explain how energy transfer can affect the chemical and physical properties of matter.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B3Explain why heat energy consists of the random motion and vibrations of the particles of matter.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B6Demonstrate how the transfer of heat energy causes temperature changes.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.A3Explain how changes in matter are accompanied by changes in energy.
Intro to Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.B3Explain how changes in temperature are accompanied by changes in kinetic energy.
Intro to Climate Change;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A5Explain how the curvature of the earth contributes to climate.
Human Impacts on the Environment;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E2Identify how emerging agricultural technologies have an effect on ecosystem dynamics and human/ animal food resources.
Human Impacts on the Environment;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.B2Explain how decisions to develop and use technologies may be influenced by environmental and economic concerns.
Human Impacts on the Environment;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E3Examine the efficiency of energy use in our environment.
Human Impacts on the Environment;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E6Examine the processes involved in extracting (e.g., harvesting, drilling, mining) raw materials from the earth for use in manufacturing processes.
Human Impacts on the Environment;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A2Describe renewable and nonrenewable energy resources.
Human Impacts on the Environment;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.B1Evaluate the societal implications of the management of waste produced by technology.
Heat: Transfer of Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B3Differentiate among convection, conduction, and radiation.
Heat: Transfer of Thermal Energy;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B6Demonstrate that heat is often produced as energy is transformed through a system.
Gravitational Forces Between Objects;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B1Explain why the planets orbit the sun in nearly circular paths.
Gravitational Forces Between Objects;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B1Recognize the role of gravity as a force that pulls all things on or near the earth toward the center of the earth and in the formation of the solar system and the motions of objects in the solar system.
Gravitational Forces Between Objects;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.B1Describe gravity as a major force in determining the motions of planets, stars, and the solar system.
Gravitational Forces Between Objects;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.A1Differentiate between mass and weight.
Genes & Mutations;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.C2Explain that mutations can alter a gene and are the original source of new variations in a population.
Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of EnergyPAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.A2Describe how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within a food chain from producers (plants) to consumers to decomposers.
Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of EnergyPAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A3Explain how matter on earth is conserved throughout the geological processes over time.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.A2Describe how systems thinking involves considering how every part relates to others.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.B1Describe how economic, political, and cultural issues are influenced by the development and use of technology.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.B3Interpret how societal and cultural priorities are reflected in technological devices.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.B4Demonstrate how new technologies are developed based on people’s needs, wants, values, and/ or interests.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.C1Recognize that requirements for a design include such factors as the desired elements and features of a product or system or the limits that are placed on the design.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.C2Show how models are used to communicate and test design ideas and processes.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.D1Apply a design process to solve problems beyond the laboratory classroom.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.D2Use computers appropriately to access and organize and apply information.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E6Identify key aspects of manufacturing systems that use mechanical processes to change the form of natural materials (e.g., separating, forming, combining, conditioning).
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E7Explain how the type of structure determines the way the parts are put together.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.A1Explain how technology is closely linked to creativity, which has resulted in innovation and invention.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.A2Explain how different technologies involve different sets of processes.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.B1Explain how the use of technology can have consequences that affect humans in many ways.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.B3Describe how invention and innovation lead to changes in society and the creation of new needs and wants.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.B4Explain how many inventions and innovations have evolved by using deliberate and methodical processes of tests and refinements.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.C1Describe how design, as a creative planning process, leads to useful products and systems.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.C2Explain how modeling, testing, evaluating, and modifying are used to transform ideas into practical solutions.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.C3Describe how troubleshooting as a problem-solving method may identify the cause of a malfunction in a technological system.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.D1Identify and collect information about everyday problems that can be solved by technology and generate ideas and requirements for solving a problem.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.D3Use data collected to analyze and interpret trends in order to identify the positive or negative effects of a technology.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.B6Explain how physics principles underlie everyday phenomena and important technologies.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.C1Evaluate the criteria and constraints of a design.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.C2Explore the design process as a collaborative endeavor in which each person in the group presents his or her ideas in an open forum.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.D1Test and evaluate the solutions for a design problem.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.B3Explain how throughout history, new technologies have resulted from the demands, values, and interests of individuals, businesses, industries, and societies.
Electromagnetic Spectrum;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B5Explain the construct of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Electricity & Circuits; Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B2Describe energy as a property of objects associated with heat, light, electricity, magnetism, mechanical motion, and sound.
Electricity & Circuits;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B4Explain how electrical current is produced by the flow of electrons.
Electricity & Circuits;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.B4Compare and contrast atomic properties of conductors and insulators.
Electric & Magnetic Fields;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B4Describe how electric current produces magnetic forces and how moving magnets produce electric current.
Electric & Magnetic Fields;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.B4Explain and demonstrate how electric current produces magnetic forces and how moving magnets produce electric current.
Digital vs. Analog Signals;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E4Examine how communications information technologies are used to help humans make decisions and solve problems.
Digital vs. Analog Signals;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E4Illustrate how information can be acquired and sent through a variety of technological sources, including print and electronic media.
Competition in Ecosystems;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.A5Describe basic structures that plants and animals have that contribute to their ability to make or find food and reproduce.
Competition in Ecosystems;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.B1Explain how genetic instructions influence inherited traits.
Competition in Ecosystems;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.C2Explain why the extinction of a species may occur when the environment changes.
Comparative Anatomy; The Fossil Record;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.C3Identify evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy that provides the basis for the theory of evolution.
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A5Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A5Explain the effects of oceans on climate.
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A4Explain how the oceans form one interconnected circulation system powered by wind, tides, the Earth’s rotation, and water density differences.
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A6Explain changes in earth systems in terms of energy transformation and transport.
Classification of Living Things;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.A1Describe the similarities and differences of major physical characteristics in plants, animals, fungi, protists, and bacteria.
Classification of Living Things;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A1Describe the similarities and differences of physical characteristics in diverse organisms.
Classification of Living Things;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.B5Compare and contrast observable patterns in the physical characteristics across families, strains and species.
Chemical Reactions;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.A4Differentiate between physical changes and chemical changes.
Chemical Reactions;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.A4Describe how reactants change into products in simple chemical reactions.
Chemical Reactions;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.A4Compare and contrast physical and chemical changes in terms of products.
Causes of Seasons;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B1Explain how the tilt of the earth and its revolution around the sun cause an uneven heating of the earth which in turn causes the seasons and weather patterns.
Causes of Seasons;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.B2Use models to demonstrate that earth has different seasons and weather patterns.
Causes of Seasons;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A4Describe the motions of tides and identify their causes.
Causes of Seasons;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A5Explain the relationship between the energy provided by the sun and the temperature differences among water, land and atmosphere.
Biotechnology;PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E1Describe how advances and innovations in medical technologies are used to improve health care.
Biotechnology;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E1Investigate recent advancements in medical technologies and their impact on quality of life.
Biotechnology;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E1Analyze what technologies are used in genetic engineering and predict how it may change the future of medicine.
Biotechnology;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E2Describe how biotechnology applies the principles of biology to create commercial products or processes.
Atoms & Molecules;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.2.7.A2Identify atoms as the basic building blocks of matter and that elements are composed of one type of atom.
Air Masses & Weather Fronts;PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A6Describe changes in atmospheric conditions associated with various weather patterns.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A1Recognize and interpret various mapping representations of Earth’s common features.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.A1Identify how creative thinking and economic and cultural influences shape technological development.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.A2Compare and contrast pure substances with mixtures.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A2Examine how soil fertility, composition, resistance to erosion, and texture are affected by many factors.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.A3Explain and give examples of how mass is conserved in a closed system.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A5Describe the composition and layers of the atmosphere.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.3.6.A6Describe the scales involved in characterizing Earth and its atmosphere.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.2.6.B4Derive Ohm’s Law through investigation of voltage, current, and resistance.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.1.6.C1Differentiate between instinctive and learned animal behaviors that relate to survival.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E3Investigate that power is the rate at which energy is converted from one form to another or transferred from one place to another.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E4Illustrate how communication systems are made up of a source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, and destination.
PAAcademic Standards6th Grade3.4.6.E5Demonstrate how transporting people and goods involves a combination of individuals and subsystems, such as structural, propulsion, suspension, guidance, control, and support.
PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.1.7.A3Explain why the life cycles of different organisms have varied lengths.
PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A5Describe basic elements of meteorology.
PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.3.7.A6Locate significant geologic structures using various mapping representations.
PAAcademic Standards7th Grade3.4.7.E5Explain how processes, such as receiving, holding, storing, loading, moving, unloading, delivering, evaluating, marketing, managing and communicating are necessary for the entire system to operate efficiently.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.A1Distinguish between physical and chemical weathering.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.A1Analyze the development of technology based on affordability or urgency.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.A2Explain how controls are steps that people perform using information about the system that causes systems to change.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.A3Compare how a product, system, or environment developed for one setting may be applied to another setting.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.B1Explain how inertia is a measure of an object’s mass.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.2.8.B1Explain how momentum is related to the forces acting on an object.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.B1Explain how light, measured remotely, can be used to classify objects in the universe.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.3.8.B2Explain measurements and evidence indicating the age of the universe.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.B2Compare and contrast decisions to develop and use technologies as related to environmental and economic concerns.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.B4Explain how societal and cultural priorities and values are reflected in technological devices.
Engineering Design Process;PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.D2Operate and maintain systems in order to achieve a given purpose.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E3Examine power systems are used to drive and provide propulsion to other technological products or systems.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E4Describe how the design of the message is influenced by such factors as the intended audience, medium, purpose, and nature of the message.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E5Describe how governmental regulations influence the design, operation and efficiency of transportation systems.
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E6Analyze the steps involved in the manufacturing process (e.g., design, development, production, marketing and servicing of products and systems).
PAAcademic Standards8th Grade3.4.8.E7Analyze factors that determine structural design (e.g., building laws and codes, style, convenience, cost, climate, and function).

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