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Ohio Standards Alignment

We Cover 94% of the Learning Standards in Ohio.

Generation Genius LessonStateStandards DocumentGradeState IDStandardsSort
Weathering & Erosion; Natural Disasters;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.ESS.2.aRocks change shape, size and/or form due to water or glacial movement, freeze and thaw, wind, plant growth, acid rain, pollution and catastrophic events such as earthquakes, flooding, and volcanic activity.2
Weathering & Erosion;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.ESS.3.aLiquid water, wind and ice physically remove and carry rock, soil and sediment (erosion) and deposit the material in a new location (deposition).2
Weathering & Erosion; OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.ESS.1.bEarth’s surface can change due to erosion and deposition of soil, rock or sediment.2
Wave Properties; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.PS.2.bSound is produced by vibrating objects and requires a medium through which to travel. The rate of vibration is related to the pitch of the sound.2
Water Quality & Distribution;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.ESS.1.aAbout 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered with water and most of that is the ocean. Only a small portion of the Earth’s water is freshwater, which is found in rivers, lakes, groundwater and glaciers.2
Water Quality & Distribution;OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.ESS.3.aSome of Earth’s resources become limited due to overuse and/or contamination. Reducing resource use, decreasing waste and/or pollution, recycling and reusing can help conserve these resources.2
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.2.aThe sun is the major source of energy for wind, air and ocean currents and the hydrologic cycle. As thermal energy transfers occur in the atmosphere and ocean, currents form. Large bodies of water can influence weather and climate. The jet stream is an example of an atmospheric current and the Gulf Stream is an example of an oceanic current. Ocean currents are influenced by factors other than thermal energy, such as water density, mineral content (such as salinity), ocean floor topography and Earth’s rotation. All of these factors delineate global climate patterns on Earth.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.2.aHistorical data and observations such as fossil distribution, paleomagnetism, continental drift and sea-floor spreading contributed to the theory of plate tectonics. The rigid tectonic plates move with the molten rock and magma beneath them in the upper mantle.
Water Cycle (3-5 Version);OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.ESS.2.aWater is present in the atmosphere as water vapor. When water vapor in the atmosphere cools, it forms clouds, fog, rain, ice, snow, sleet or hail.1
Variation of Traits; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.LS.1.aIndividual organisms inherit many traits from their parents indicating a reliable way to transfer information from one generation to the next.2
Variation of Traits; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.LS.1.bSome behavioral traits are learned through interactions with the environment and are not inherited.2
The Solar System; Solar & Lunar Eclipses;OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.ESS.1.aThe distance from the sun, size, composition and movement of each planet are unique. Planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits. Some of the planets have moons and/or debris that orbit them. Comets, asteroids and meteoroids orbit the sun.2
The Fossil Record; Rock Layers (Geologic Time);OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.4.aEarth is approximately 4.6 billion years old. Earth history is based on observations of the geologic record and the understanding that processes observed at present day are similar to those that occurred in the past (uniformitarianism). There are different methods to determine relative and absolute age of some rock layers in the geologic record. Within a sequence of undisturbed sedimentary rocks, the oldest rocks are at the bottom (superposition). The geologic record can help identify past environmental and climate conditions.
The Fossil Record; Natural Selection;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.LS.1.cThroughout Earth’s history, extinction of a species has occurred when the environment changes and the individual organisms of that species do not have the traits necessary to survive and reproduce in the changed environment. Most species (approximately 99 percent) that have lived on Earth are now extinct.
The Fossil Record;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.LS.1.aFossils provide important evidence of how life and environmental conditions have changed.
Tectonic Plates;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.2.bConvection currents in the asthenosphere cause movements of the lithospheric plates. The energy that forms convection currents comes from deep within the Earth.
Tectonic Plates;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.2.cThere are three main types of plate boundaries: divergent, convergent and transform. Each type of boundary results in specific motion and causes events (such as earthquakes or volcanic activity) or features (such as mountains or trenches) that are indicative of the type of boundary.
Tectonic Plates;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.3.aEarth’s surface is formed from a variety of different geologic processes, including but not limited to plate tectonics.
Sunlight Warms the Earth; OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.ESS.1.aSunlight warms Earth’s land, air and water. The amount of exposure to sunlight affects the amount of warming or cooling of air, water and land.1
Sun and Other Stars; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.ESS.2.aThe sun appears to be the largest star in the sky because it is the closest star to Earth. Some stars are larger than the sun and some stars are smaller than the sun.2
Solids, Liquids and Gases (K-2 Series)OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.PS.2.bShape and compressibility are properties that can distinguish between the states of matter.2
Solar & Lunar Eclipses;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.4.bA solar eclipse is when Earth moves into the shadow of the moon (during a new moon). A lunar eclipse is when the moon moves into the shadow of Earth (during a full moon).
Rocks & Minerals (Including Rock Cycle);OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.ESS.1.aMinerals are naturally occurring, inorganic solids that have a defined chemical composition. Minerals have properties that can be observed and measured. Minerals form in specific environments.
Rocks & Minerals (Including Rock Cycle);OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.ESS.2.aMost rocks are composed of one or more minerals, but there are a few types of sedimentary rocks that contain organic material, such as coal. The composition of the rock, types of mineral present, and/or mineral shape and size can be used to identify the rock and to interpret its history of formation, breakdown (weathering) and transport (erosion).
Rocks & Minerals (Including Rock Cycle);OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.ESS.3.aMagma or lava cools and crystallizes to form igneous rocks. Heat and pressure applied to existing rock forms metamorphic rocks. Sedimentary rock forms as existing rock weathers chemically and/or physically and the weathered material is compressed and then lithifies. Each rock type can provide information about the environment in which it was formed.
Reproduction of Living Things;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.LS.2.aReproduction is the transfer of genetic information from one generation to the next. It can occur with mixing of genes from two individuals (sexual reproduction). It can occur with the transfer of genes from one individual to the next generation (asexual reproduction). The ability to reproduce defines living things.
Reproduction of Living Things;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.LS.3.bDuring reproduction, genetic information (DNA) is transmitted between parent and offspring. In asexual reproduction, the lone parent contributes DNA to the offspring. In sexual reproduction, both parents contribute DNA to the offspring.
Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources;OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.ESS.2.aRenewable energy resources, such as wind, water or solar energy, can be replenished within a short amount of time by natural processes.2
Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.ESS.2.bNonrenewable energy is a finite resource, such as natural gas, coal or oil, which cannot be replenished in a short amount of time.2
Pushes and Pulls; OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.PS.2.aThe position of an object can be described by locating it relative to another object or to the object’s surroundings. An object is in motion when its position is changing.1
Pushes and Pulls; OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.PS.2.bThe motion of an object can be affected by pushing or pulling. A push or pull is a force that can make an object move faster, slower or go in a different direction. Changes in motion are a result of changes in energy.1
Pushes and Pulls; OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.PS.1.aMotion can increase, change direction or stop depending on the force applied.1
Pushes and Pulls; OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.PS.1.bThe change in motion of an object is related to the size of the force.1
Properties of Matter; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.PS.1.aMatter takes up space and has mass.2
Properties of Matter; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.PS.2.aThe most recognizable states of matter are solids, liquids and gases.2
Properties of Elements;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.1.aElements can be classified as metals, non-metals and metalloids, and can be organized by similar properties such as color, solubility, hardness, density, conductivity, melting point and boiling point, viscosity, and malleability.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.3.aObjects and substances in motion have kinetic energy.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.3.bObjects and substances can have energy as a result of their position (potential energy).
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.4.aAn object’s position and speed can be measured and graphed as a function of time.
Plant Growth (K-2 Series)OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.ESS.1.aSoil is composed of pieces of rock, organic material, water and air and has characteristics that can be measured and observed. Use the term “soil”, not “dirt”. Dirt and soil are not synonymous.2
Plant & Animal Cells;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.1.aAll living things are composed of cells. Different body tissues and organs are made of different kinds of cells. The ways cells function are similar in all living organisms.
Plant & Animal Cells;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.3.bEvery cell is covered by a membrane that controls what can enter and leave the cell.
Plant & Animal Cells;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.3.cWithin the cell are specialized parts for the transport of materials, energy capture and release, protein building, waste disposal, information feedback and movement.
Photosynthesis & Respiration;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.LS.1.aPlants use the energy in light to make sugars out of carbon dioxide and water (photosynthesis). These materials can be used or stored for later use. Organisms that eat plants break down plant structures to release the energy and produce the materials they need to survive. The organism may then be consumed by other organisms for materials and energy.
Photosynthesis & Respiration;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.LS.1.bEnergy can transform from one form to another in living things. Animals get energy from oxidizing food, releasing some of its energy as heat.
Moon & Its Phases; Solar & Lunar Eclipses;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.4.aThe moon’s orbit and its change of position relative to Earth and sun result in different parts of the moon being visible from Earth (phases of the moon).
Patterns in the Sky; Four Seasons and Day Length; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.ESS.2.bThe sun’s position in the sky appears to change in a single day and from season to season. Stars are visible at night, some are visible in the evening or morning and some are brighter than others.1
Patterns in the Sky; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.ESS.2.aThe moon, sun and stars appear in different positions at different times of the day or night. Sometimes the moon is visible during the night, sometimes the moon is visible during the day and at other times the moon is not visible at all. The observable shape of the moon changes in size very slowly throughout the month. The sun is visible only during the day.1
Parts of a Plant; External Animal Parts; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.LS.2.aLiving things are made up of a variety of structures. Some traits can be observable structures. Some of these structures and behaviors influence their survival.1
Oceans, Lakes and Rivers; Solids, Liquids and Gases;OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.ESS.2.aThe physical properties of water can change. These changes occur due to changing energy. Water can change from a liquid to a solid and from a solid to a liquid.1
Newton’s Laws of Motion;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.PS.2.bForces can be added. The new force on an object is the sum of all of the forces acting on the object.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.PS.2.cIf there is a nonzero net force acting on an object, its speed and/or direction will change.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.PS.2.dKinetic friction and drag are forces that act in a direction opposite the relative motion of objects.
Natural Selection;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.LS.1.bChanges in environmental conditions can affect how beneficial a trait will be for the survival and reproductive success of an organism or an entire species.
Natural Resource Distribution;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.ESS.5.aNearly all manufactured material requires some kind of geologic resource. Most geologic resources are considered nonrenewable. Rocks, minerals and soil are examples of geologic resources that are nonrenewable.
Natural Disasters;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.ESS.1.cCatastrophic events such as flooding, volcanoes and earthquakes can create landforms.2
Multicellular Organisms;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.2.aCells repeatedly divide resulting in more cells and growth and repair in multicellular organisms.
Multicellular Organisms;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.3.aMany basic functions of organisms occur in cells. Cells take in nutrients and energy to perform work, like making various molecules required by that cell or an organism.
Multicellular Organisms;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.4.aThe level of organization within organisms includes cells, tissues, organs, organ systems and whole organisms.
Multicellular Organisms;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.4.bWhether the organism is single-celled or multicellular, all of its parts function as a whole to perform the tasks necessary for the survival of the organism.
Maintaining Biodiversity;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.LS.2.aThe variety of physical (abiotic) conditions that exists on Earth gives rise to diverse environments (biomes) and allows for the existence of a wide variety of organisms (biodiversity).
Living vs. Non-Living; Rocks & Minerals (Including Rock Cycle)OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.ESS.1.bRocks have specific characteristics that allow them to be sorted and compared. Rocks form in different ways. Air and water are also nonliving resources.2
Living vs. Non-Living Things; Plants Need Water And Light; Habitats;OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.LS.1.aLiving things require energy, water, and a particular range of temperatures in their environments. Plants get energy from sunlight. Animals get energy from plants and other animals. Living things acquire resources from the living and nonliving components of the environment.1
Living vs. Non-Living Things; Habitats; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.LS.1.aLiving things grow and reproduce. Living things are found worldwide.1
Living Things Change Their Environment; OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.LS.1.aLiving things function and interact with their physical environments. Living things cause changes in the environments where they live; the changes can be very noticeable or slightly noticeable, fast or slow.1
Light Reflection & Vision; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.PS.2.aLight travels and maintains its direction until it interacts with an object or moves from one medium to another and then it can be reflected, refracted or absorbed.2
Introduction to Weather;OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.ESS.1.aWeather changes occur throughout the day and from day to day.1
Introduction to Weather; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.ESS.1.bAir is a nonliving substance that surrounds Earth and wind is air that is moving.1
Introduction to Weather; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.ESS.1.cWind, temperature and precipitation can be used to document short-term weather changes that are observable.1
Introduction to Weather; OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.ESS.1.aAir has properties that can be observed and measured. The transfer of energy in the atmosphere causes air movement, which is felt as wind. Wind speed and direction can be measured.1
Introduction to Weather; OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.ESS.3.aChanges in energy affect all aspects of weather, including temperature, precipitation, and wind.1
Introduction to Sound; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.PS.2.aSound is produced by touching, blowing or tapping objects. The sounds that are produced vary depending on the properties of objects. Sound is produced when objects vibrate.1
Intro to Thermal Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.2.aTemperature is a measure of the average motion of the particles in a substance.
Intro to Thermal Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.2.cWhen substances undergo changes of state, atoms change their motion and position.
Intro to Thermal Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.1.aThermal energy is transferred as water changes state throughout the cycle. The cycling of water in the atmosphere is an important part of weather patterns on Earth. The rate at which water flows through soil and rock is dependent upon the porosity and permeability of the soil or rock.
How Do We Use Food; Food Webs; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.LS.2.aFor ecosystems, the major source of energy is sunlight. Energy entering ecosystems as sunlight is transferred and transformed by producers into energy that organisms use through the process of photosynthesis. That energy is used or stored by the producer and can be passed from organism to organism as illustrated in food webs.2
Heating and Cooling; OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.PS.1.aObjects and materials change when exposed to various conditions, such as heating or cooling. Changes in temperature are a result of changes in energy. Not all materials change in the same way.1
Heating and Cooling (K-2 Series)OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.PS.2.cOne way to change matter from one state to another is by heating or cooling.2
Heat: Transfer of Thermal EnergyOHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.2.bHeat is a process of energy transfer rather than a type of energy. Energy transfer can result in a change in temperature or a phase change.
Habitats; OHLearning StandardsGrade 11.LS.2.aResources are necessary to meet the needs of an individual and populations of individuals. Living things interact with their physical environments as they meet those needs. Effects of seasonal changes within the local environment directly impact the availability of resources.1
Gravity Pulls Things Down; OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.PS.1.cSome forces act without touching, such as using a magnet to move an object or objects falling to the ground.1
Gravity Pulls Things Down (K-2)OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.ESS.3.bGravitational force affects movements of water, rock and soil.2
Genes & Mutations;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.LS.3.aExpression of all traits is determined by genes and environmental factors to varying degrees. Many genes influence more than one trait, and many traits are influenced by more than one gene.
Four Seasons and Day Length; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.ESS.1.dYearly weather changes (seasons) are observable patterns in the daily weather changes.1
Fossils & Extinction; Earth's Landscapes; OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.LS.2.cFossils provide a point of comparison between the types of organisms that lived long ago and those existing today.2
Fossils & Extinction;OHLearning StandardsGrade 22.LS.2.aSome kinds of organisms become extinct when their basic needs are no longer met or the environment changes.1
Fossils & Extinction; OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.LS.2.bMost species that have lived on Earth are extinct.2
Food Webs; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.LS.1.aPopulations of organisms can be categorized by how they acquire energy.2
Food Webs; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.LS.1.bFood webs can be used to identify the relationships among producers, consumers and decomposers in an ecosystem.2
Energy Transfer; Collisions; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.PS.3.aThere are many different forms of energy. Energy is the ability to cause motion or create change. The different forms of energy that are outlined at this grade level should be limited to familiar forms that a student is able to observe.2
Energy Transfer;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.PS.2.aEnergy transfers from hot objects to cold objects as heat, resulting in a temperature change.2
Energy Transfer;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.PS.2.cElectrical energy in circuits can be transformed to other forms of energy, including light, heat, sound and motion. Electricity and magnetism are closely related.2
Energy Transfer;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.PS.2.bElectric circuits require a complete loop of conducting materials through which electrical energy can be transferred.2
Electricity & Circuits;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.4.dAn electrical circuit transfers energy from a source to a device.
Electric & Magnetic Fields; Gravitational Forces Between Objects;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.PS.1.aMagnetic, electrical and gravitational forces can act at a distance.
Ecosystems; Adaptations and the Environment; OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.LS.1.aEcosystems can change gradually or dramatically. When the environment changes, some plants and animals survive and reproduce and others die or move to new locations.2
Ecosystems; OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.LS.1.bEcosystems are based on interrelationships among and between biotic and abiotic factors. These include the diversity of other organisms present, the availability of food and other resources, and the physical attributes of the environment.2
Earth’s Orbit and Rotation;OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.ESS.3.aEarth’s revolution around the sun takes approximately 365 days. Earth completes one rotation on its axis in a 24-hour period, producing day and night. This rotation makes the sun, stars and moon appear to change position in the sky.2
Conservation of Matter;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.PS.1.aWhen an object is broken into smaller pieces, when a solid is dissolved in a liquid or when matter changes state (solid, liquid, gas), the total amount of matter remains constant.2
Competition in Ecosystems;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.LS.2.cEcosystems are dynamic in nature; the number and types of species fluctuate over time. Disruptions, deliberate or inadvertent, to the physical (abiotic) or biological (biotic) components of an ecosystem impact the composition of an ecosystem.
Classification of Materials; Material Properties and Purposes; OHLearning StandardsKindergartenK.PS.1.aObjects can be sorted and described by the properties of the materials from which they are made. Some of the properties can include color, size and texture.1
Classification of Living Things;OHLearning StandardsGrade 44.LS.2.aThe concept of biodiversity is expanded to include different classification schemes based upon shared internal and external characteristics of organisms.2
Chemical vs. Physical Changes;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.2.bPhysically combining two or more substances forms a mixture, which can be separated through physical processes.
Chemical ReactionsOHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.1.cMolecules are the combination of two or more atoms that are joined together chemically.
Chemical Reactions; Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.LS.1.cThe total amount of matter and energy remains constant, even though its form and location change.
Chemical Reactions; Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.2.aWhen substances interact and form new substances the properties of the new substances may be very different from those of the original substances, but the amount of mass does not change.
Causes of Seasons;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.4.cGravitational force between Earth and the moon causes daily oceanic tides. When the gravitational forces from the sun and moon align (at new and full moons) spring tides occur. When the gravitational forces of the sun and moon are perpendicular (at first and last quarter moons), neap tides occur.
Causes of Seasons;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.5.aEarth’s axis is tilted at an angle of 23.5°. This tilt along with Earth’s revolution around the sun, affects the amount of direct sunlight that the earth receives in a single day and throughout the year. The average daily temperature is related to the amount of direct sunlight received.
Balanced & Unbalanced Forces; OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.PS.1.bAny change in speed or direction of an object requires a force and is affected by the mass of the object and the amount of force applied.2
Atoms & Molecules;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.1.aMatter has mass, volume and density and is made up of particles called atoms.
Atoms & Molecules;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.PS.1.bElements are a class of substances composed of a single kind of atom.
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.LS.3.aWorldwide, organisms are growing, reproducing, dying and decaying. The details of the life cycle are different for different organisms, which affects their ability to survive and reproduce in their natural environments.2
Adaptations and the Environment; Animal Group Behavior; Structure of Living Things; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.LS.2.bPlants and animals have certain physical or behavioral characteristics that influence their chances of surviving in particular environments.2
Adaptations and the Environment; OHLearning StandardsGrade 33.LS.2.aPlants and animals have physical features that are associated with the environments where they live.2
OHLearning StandardsGrade 55.PS.1.aMovement can be measured by speed. The speed of an object is calculated by determining the distance (d) traveled in a period of time (t).2
OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.ESS.4.aSoil formation occurs at different rates and is based on environmental conditions, types of existing bedrock and rates of weathering. Soil forms in layers known as horizons. Soil horizons can be distinguished from one another based on properties that can be measured. The terms dirt and soil are not synonymous, use the term “soil”.
Comparative Anatomy; Natural Selection;OHLearning StandardsGrade 66.LS.4.cOrganisms have diverse body plans, symmetry and internal structures that contribute to their being able to survive in their environments.
OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.ESS.3.aThe atmosphere is held to the Earth by the force of gravity. There are defined layers of the atmosphere that have specific properties, such as temperature, chemical composition and physical characteristics. Gases in the atmosphere include nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, carbon dioxide and other trace gases. Biogeochemical cycles illustrate the movement of specific elements or molecules (such as carbon or nitrogen) through the lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.
OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.LS.2.bBiomes are regional ecosystems characterized by distinct types of organisms that have developed under specific soil and climatic conditions.
OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.3.aWhen energy is transferred from one system to another, the quantity of energy before transfer equals the quantity of energy after transfer. When energy is transformed from one form to another, the total amount of energy remains the same.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.4.aMechanical energy can be transferred when objects push or pull on each other over a distance.
Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.4.bMechanical and electromagnetic waves transfer energy when they interact with matter.
Heat: Transfer of Thermal Energy;OHLearning StandardsGrade 77.PS.4.cThermal energy can be transferred through radiation, convection and conduction.
OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.1.aThe refraction and reflection of seismic waves as they move through one type of material to another is used to differentiate the layers of Earth’s interior. Earth has a core, a mantle, and a crust. Impacts during planetary formation generated heat.
Tectonic Plates;OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.ESS.1.bThese impacts converted gravitational potential energy to heat. Earth’s core is also able to generate its own thermal energy because of decaying atoms. This continuously releases thermal energy. Thermal energy generated from Earth’s core drives convection currents in the asthenosphere.
OHLearning StandardsGrade 88.PS.2.aThe motion of an object is always measured with respect to a reference point.

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