K-8 North Carolina Science Standards | Generation Genius
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# North Carolina Standards Alignment

## We Cover 98% of the Saskatchewan Curriculum.

Science Lessons Math Lessons
NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.P.1.1Compare the relative position of various objects observed in the classroom and outside using position words such as: in front of, behind, between, on top of, under, above, below and beside.1
NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.P.2.2Compare the amount (volume and weight) of water in a container before and after freezing.1
NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.P.2.3Compare what happens to water left in an open container over time as to water left in a closed container.1
NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.2.2Explain how minerals are identified using tests for the physical properties of hardness, color, luster, cleavage and streak.2
NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.1.3Illustrate the motion of an object using a graph to show a change in position over a period of time.2
Multicellular Organisms; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.1.1Explain why some organisms are capable of surviving as a single cell while others require many cells that are specialized to survive.2
Adaptations and the Environment NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.L.2.2Explain how environmental conditions determine how well plants survive and grow.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles;NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.L.1.1Summarize the life cycle of animals: Birth, Development, Reproduction, Aging and Death. 1
Animal & Plant Life Cycles;NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.L.1.2Compare life cycles of different animals such as, but not limited to, mealworms, ladybugs, crickets, guppies or frogs.1
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.L.2.3Summarize the distinct stages of the life cycle of seed plants.2
Animal & Plant Life Cycles; Parts of a Plant;NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.L.2.1Remember the function of the following structures as it relates to the survival of plants in their environments: roots, stems, leaves and flowers.2
Animals Need Food; Living vs. Non-Living Things;NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.L.2.2Summarize the basic needs of a variety of different animals (including air, water, and food) for energy and growth.1
Balanced & Unbalanced Forces; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.1.1Infer changes in speed or direction resulting from forces acting on an object.2
Balanced & Unbalanced Forces; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.1.3Explain the effects of earth’s gravity on the motion of any object on or near the earth.2
Balanced & Unbalanced Forces; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.1.4Predict the effect of a given force or a change in mass on the motion of an object.2
Brain Processing of Senses; Human Body Systems; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.1.2Compare the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, muscular, skeletal, and cardiovascular) in terms of their functions necessary for life.2
Brain Processing of Senses; Human Body Systems; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.L.1.2Explain how animals meet their needs by using behaviors in response to information received from the environment.2
Collisions; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.3.1Recognize that energy can be transferred from one object to another by rubbing them against each other.2
Collisions; Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources; Magnets & Static Electricity; Energy Transfer; Wave Properties; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.3.1Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change.2
Conservation of Matter; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.2.2Compare the weight of an object to the sum of the weight of its parts before and after an interaction.2
Earth's Landscapes; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.2.3Classify rocks as metamorphic, sedimentary or igneous based on their composition, how they are formed and the processes that create them.2
Earth’s Orbit and Rotation; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.E.1.2Recognize that changes in the length and direction of an object’s shadow indicate the apparent changing position of the Sun during the day although the patterns of the stars in the sky, to include the Sun, stay the same.2
Earth’s Orbit and Rotation; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.E.1.1Explain the cause of day and night based on the rotation of Earth on its axis.2
Ecosystems; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.L.1.1Give examples of changes in an organism’s environment that are beneficial to it and some that are harmful.2
Ecosystems; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.2.1Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands.2
Ecosystems; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.2.3Infer the effects that may result from the interconnected relationship of plants and animals to their ecosystem.2
Ecosystems; Variation of Traits; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.L.1.4Explain how differences among animals of the same population sometimes give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing in changing habitats.2
Energy Transfer; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.3.1Explain the effects of the transfer of heat (either by direct contact or at a distance) that occurs between objects at different temperatures. (conduction, convection or radiation).2
Energy Transfer; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.3.2Recognize that energy can be transferred from a warmer object to a cooler one by contact or at a distance and the cooler object gets warmer.2
External Animal Parts (K-2 Series)NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.L.1.2Explain why skin is necessary for protection and for the body to remain healthy.2
Extreme Weather Solutions; Ecosystems; Adaptations and the Environment; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.L.1.3Explain how humans can adapt their behavior to live in changing habitats (e.g., recycling wastes, establishing rain gardens, planting trees and shrubs to prevent flooding and erosion).2
Food Webs; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.2.2Classify the organisms within an ecosystem according to the function they serve: producers, consumers, or decomposers (biotic factors).2
Fossils & Extinction; Earth's Landscapes; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.E.2.1Compare fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) to one another and to living organisms.2
Fossils & Extinction; Earth's Landscapes; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.E.2.2Infer ideas about Earth’s early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago.2
Four Seasons and Day Length; NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.E.1.3Compare weather patterns that occur from season to season.1
Four Seasons and Day Length; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.E.1.3Compare weather patterns that occur over time and relate observable patterns to time of day and time of year.1
Gravity Pulls Things Down; Magnets & Static Electricity;NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.P.1.2Explain how some forces (pushes and pulls) can be used to make things move without touching them, such as magnets.1
Habitats; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.L.1.2Give examples of how the needs of different plants and animals can be met by their environments in North Carolina or different places throughout the world.1
Heating and Cooling; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.P.2.1Give examples of matter that change from a solid to a liquid and from a liquid to a solid by heating and cooling.1
How Do We Use Food; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.L.2.1Classify substances as food or non-food items based on their ability to provide energy and materials for survival, growth and repair of the body.2
How Do We Use Food; Human Body SystemsNCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.L.2.2Explain the role of vitamins, minerals and exercise in maintaining a healthy body.2
Human Body SystemsNCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.L.1.1Compare the different functions of the skeletal and muscular system.2
Interactions of Earth’s Spheres; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.E.1.3Explain how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.2
Introduction to Sound;NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.P.1.1Illustrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and columns of air.1
Introduction to Sound;NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.P.1.2Summarize the relationship between sound and objects of the body that vibrate – eardrum and vocal cords.1
Introduction to Traits; NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.L.1.1Compare different types of the same animal (i.e. different types of dogs, different types of cats, etc.) to determine individual differences within a particular type of animal.1
Introduction to Traits; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.L.2.1Identify ways in which many plants and animals closely resemble their parents in observed appearance and ways they are different.1
Introduction to Traits; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.L.2.2Recognize that there is variation among individuals that are related.1
Introduction to Weather; NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.E.1.1Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or more of their senses.1
Introduction to Weather; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.E.1.2Summarize weather conditions using qualitative and quantitative measures to describe: Temperature, Wind Speed, Wind Direction and Percipitation1
Introduction to Weather; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.E.1.4Recognize the tools that scientists use for observing, recording, and predicting weather changes from day to day and during the seasons.1
Introduction to Weather; Four Seasons and Day Length; NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.E.1.2Summarize daily weather conditions noting changes that occur from day to day and throughout the year.1
Light Reflection & Vision; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.3.2Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed.2
Living vs. Non-Living Things; External Animal Parts; Parts of a Plant;NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.L.1.2Compare characteristics of living and nonliving things in terms of their: Structure, Growth, Changes, Movement and Needs.1
Magnets & Static Electricity; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.1.1Explain how magnets interact with all things made of iron and with other magnets to produce motion without touching them.2
Magnets & Static Electricity; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.1.2Explain how electrically charged objects push or pull on other electrically charged objects and produce motion.2
Material Properties and Purposes (K-2 Series)NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.3.2Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications.2
Material Properties and Purposes; Classification of Materials; NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.P.2.2Compare the observable physical properties of different kinds of materials (clay, wood, cloth, paper, etc) from which objects are made and how they are used.1
Material Properties and Purposes; Classification of Materials; Solids, Liquids and Gases; NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.P.2.1Classify objects by observable physical properties (including size, color, shape, texture, weight and flexibility).1
Moon & Its PhasesNCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.E.1.2Recognize patterns of observable changes in the Moon’s appearance from day to day.1
Moon & Its Phases; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.E.1.2Explain the monthly changes in the appearance of the moon, based on the moon’s orbit around the Earth.2
Natural Disasters; Weathering & Erosion; Earth's Landscapes; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.E.2.2Compare Earth’s land features (including volcanoes, mountains, valleys, canyons, caverns, and islands) by using models, pictures, diagrams, and maps.2
Natural Disasters; Weathering & Erosion; Interactions of Earth’s Spheres; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.E.2.3Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.2
Natural Resources; Plant Growth Conditions; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.E.2.1Summarize the physical properties of Earth materials, including rocks, minerals, soils and water that make them useful in different ways.1
Particle Nature of Matter; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.2.1Recognize that air is a substance that surrounds us, takes up space and has mass.2
Particle Nature of Matter; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.2.2Compare solids, liquids, and gases based on their basic properties.2
Particle Nature of Matter; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.2.3Summarize changes that occur to the observable properties of materials when different degrees of heat are applied to them, such as melting ice or ice cream, boiling water or an egg, or freezing water.2
Patterns in the Sky; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.E.1.1Recognize differences in the features of the day and night sky and apparent movement of objects across the sky as observed from Earth.1
Patterns of Motion & FrictionNCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.P.1.2Compare the relative speeds (faster or slower) of objects that travel the same distance in different amounts of time.2
Patterns of Motion & Friction; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.1.2Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time and the direction in which they travel.2
Patterns of Motion & Friction; Balanced & Unbalanced Forces; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.1.1Explain how factors such as gravity, friction, and change in mass affect the motion of objects.2
Patterns of Motion & Friction; Gravity Pulls Things Down; Pushes and Pulls;NCEssential StandardsKindergartenNCES.K.P.1.2Give examples of different ways objects and organisms move (to include falling to the ground when dropped): Straight1
Plant Growth (K-2 Series)NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.L.2.4Explain how the basic properties (texture and capacity to hold water) and components (sand, clay and humus) of soil determine the ability of soil to support the growth and survival of many plants.2
Plant Growth Conditions; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.E.2.2Compare the properties of soil samples from different places relating their capacity to retain water, nourish and support the growth of certain plants.1
Plant Growth Conditions; Plants Need Water And Light; Animals Need Food; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.L.1.1Recognize that plants and animals need air, water, light (plants only), space, food and shelter and that these may be found in their environment.1
Plants Need Water And Light; Plant Growth Conditions;NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.L.2.1Summarize the basic needs of a variety of different plants (including air, water, nutrients, and light) for energy and growth.1
Properties of Matter; NCEssential Standards4th GradeNCES.4.P.2.1Compare the physical properties of samples of matter (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire).2
Properties of Matter; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.2.3Summarize properties of original materials, and the new material(s) formed, to demonstrate that a change has occurred.2
Pushes and Pulls; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.P.1.1Explain the importance of a push or pull to changing the motion of an object.1
Pushes and Pulls; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.P.1.3Predict the effect of a given force on the motion of an object, including balanced forces.1
Reducing Our Impact on Earth; Natural Resources; NCEssential Standards1st GradeNCES.1.L.1.3Summarize ways that humans protect their environment and/or improve conditions for the growth of the plants and animals that live there (e.g., reuse or recycle products to avoid littering).1
Sun and Other Stars; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.E.1.1Recognize that the earth is part of a system called the solar system that includes the sun (a star), planets, and many moons and the earth is the third planet from the sun in our solar system.2
Sunlight Warms the Earth; NCEssential Standards2nd GradeNCES.2.E.1.1Summarize how energy from the sun serves as a source of light that warms the land, air and water.1
Variation of Traits; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.3.1Explain why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism.2
Variation of Traits; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.L.3.2Give examples of likenesses that are inherited and some that are not.2
Water Cycle (3-5 Version); NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.P.2.1Explain how the sun’s energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including, evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff).2
Water Quality & Distribution; NCEssential Standards3rd GradeNCES.3.E.2.1Compare Earth’s saltwater and freshwater features (including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, and glaciers).2
Weather vs. Climate; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.E.1.1Compare daily and seasonal changes in weather conditions (including wind speed and direction, precipitation, and temperature) and patterns.2
Weather vs. Climate; NCEssential Standards5th GradeNCES.5.E.1.2Predict upcoming weather events from weather data collected through observation and measurements.2
Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.1.1Compare the properties of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound.
Electromagnetic Spectrum;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.1.2Explain the relationship among visible light, the electromagnetic spectrum, and sight.
Wave Reflection, Absorption & Transmittance;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.1.3Explain the relationship among the rate of vibration, the medium through which vibrations travel, sound and hearing.
Atoms & Molecules;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.2.1Recognize that all matter is made up of atoms and atoms of the same element are all alike, but are different from the atoms of other elements.
Intro to Thermal Energy;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.2.2Explain the effect of heat on the motion of atoms through a description of what happens to particles during a change in phase.
Properties of Elements;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.2.3Compare the physical properties of pure substances that are independent of the amount of matter present including density, melting point, boiling point, and solubility to properties that are dependent on the amount of matter present to include volume, mass and weight.
Heat: Transfer of Thermal Energy;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.3.1Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using examples of conduction, radiation and convection and the effects that may result.
Electromagnetic Spectrum;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.3.2Explain the effects of electromagnetic waves on various materials to include absorption, scattering, and change in temperature.
Electricity & Circuits; Heat: Transfer of Thermal Energy;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.P.3.3Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators).
Causes of Seasons; Solar & Lunar Eclipses;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.1.1Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses.
The Solar System;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.1.2Explain why Earth sustains life while other planets do not based on their properties (including types of surface, atmosphere and gravitational force) and location to the Sun.
The Solar System;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.1.3Summarize space exploration and the understandings gained from them.
Tectonic Plates;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.2.1Summarize the structure of the earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density.
Tectonic Plates;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.2.2Explain how crustal plates and ocean basins are formed, move and interact using earthquakes, heat flow and volcanoes to reflect forces within the earth.
NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.2.3Explain how the formation of soil is related to the parent rock type and the environment in which it develops.
Maintaining Biodiversity; Human Impacts on the Environment;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.E.2.4Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the lithosphere, maintaining soil quality and stewardship.
NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.L.1.1Summarize the basic structures and functions of flowering plants required for survival, reproduction and defense.
Photosynthesis & Respiration;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.L.1.2Explain the significance of the processes of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration to the survival of green plants and other organisms.
Photosynthesis & Respiration;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.L.2.1Summarize how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within food chains and food webs (terrestrial and aquatic) from producers to consumers to decomposers.
NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.L.2.2Explain how plants respond to external stimuli (including dormancy and forms of tropism) to enhance survival in an environment.
Competition in Ecosystems;NCEssential Standards6th GradeNCES.6.L.2.3Summarize how the abiotic factors (such as temperature, water, sunlight, and soil quality) of biomes (freshwater, marine, forest, grasslands, desert, Tundra) affect the ability of organisms to grow, survive and/or create their own food through photosynthesis.
Newton’s Laws of Motion;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.1.1Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed with respect to some other object.
Newton’s Laws of Motion; Balanced & Unbalanced Forces;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.1.2Explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces acting on an object (including friction, gravity and magnets).
NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.1.3Illustrate the motion of an object using a graph to show a change in position over a period of time.
NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.1.4Interpret distance versus time graphs for constant speed and variable motion.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.2.1Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object.
Potential vs. Kinetic Energy;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.2.2Explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another (specifically potential energy and kinetic energy) using a model or diagram of a moving object (roller coaster, pendulum, or cars on ramps as examples).
Electricity & Circuits;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.2.3Recognize that energy can be transferred from one system to another when two objects push or pull on each other over a distance (work) and electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass.
Simple Machines;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.P.2.4Explain how simple machines such as inclined planes, pulleys, levers and wheel and axles are used to create mechanical advantage and increase efficiency.
NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.E.1.1Compare the composition, properties and structure of Earths atmosphere to include: mixtures of gases and differences in temperature and pressure within layers.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version);NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.E.1.2Explain how the cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions relate to the weather patterns on Earth.
Air Masses & Weather Fronts;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.E.1.3Explain the relationship between the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and other weather conditions that may result.
Air Masses & Weather Fronts;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.E.1.4Predict weather conditions and patterns based on information obtained from: Weather data collected from direct observations and measurement (wind speed and direction, air temperature, humidity and air pressure), weather maps, satellites, radar, cloud shapes and types and associated elevation.
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.E.1.5Explain the influence of convection, global winds and the jet stream on weather and climatic conditions.
Human Impacts on the Environment;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.E.1.6Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the atmosphere, maintaining air quality and stewardship.
NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.1.1Compare the structures and life functions of single-celled organisms that carry out all of the basic functions of life including: Euglena, Amoeba, Paramecium and Volvox.
Plant & Animal Cells;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.1.2Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells, including major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles).
Multicellular Organisms;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.1.3Summarize the hierarchical organization of multi-cellular organisms from cells to tissues to organs to systems to organisms.
Multicellular Organisms;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.1.4Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life.
Reproduction of Living Things;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.2.1Explain why offspring that result from sexual reproduction (fertilization and meiosis) have greater variation than offspring that result from asexual reproduction (budding and mitosis).
Reproduction of Living Things;NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.2.2Infer patterns of heredity using information from Punnett squares and pedigree analysis.
NCEssential Standards7th GradeNCES.7.L.2.3Explain the impact of the environment and lifestyle choices on biological inheritance (to include common genetic diseases) and survival.
Properties of Elements; Chemical Reactions;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.P.1.1Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements.
Properties of Elements;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.P.1.2Explain how the physical properties of elements and their reactivity have been used to produce the current model of the Periodic Table of elements.
Chemical Reactions;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.P.1.3Compare physical changes such as size, shape and state to chemical changes that are the result of a chemical reaction to include changes in temperature, color, formation of a gas or precipitate.
Chemical Reactions;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.P.1.4Explain how the idea of atoms and a balanced chemical equation support the law of conservation of mass.
Human Impacts on the Environment;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.P.2.1Explain the environmental consequences of the various methods of obtaining, transforming and distributing energy.
Maintaining Biodiversity; Human Impacts on the Environment;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.P.2.2Explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and the importance of conservation.
Water Cycle (6-8 Version); Water Quality & Distribution;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.E.1.1Explain the structure of the hydrosphere including: water distribution on Earth and local river basins and water availability.
Climate Zones & Ocean Currents;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.E.1.2Summarize evidence that Earths oceans are a reservoir of nutrients, minerals, dissolved gases, and life forms: Estuaries, Marine ecosystems, Upwelling, Behavior of gases in the marine environment, Value and sustainability of marine resources, and deep ocean technology and understandings gained.
NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.E.1.3Predict the safety and potability of water supplies in North Carolina based on physical and biological factors, including: temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, nitrates and phosphates, turbidity and bio-indicators.
Human Impacts on the Environment;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.E.1.4Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring of the hydrosphere, water quality standards, methods of water treatment, maintaining safe water quality and stewardship.
Rock Layers (Geologic Time)NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.E.2.1Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils from index fossils and ordering of rock layers (relative dating and radioactive dating).
The Fossil Record; Rock Layers (Geologic Time);NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.E.2.2Explain the use of fossils, ice cores, composition of sedimentary rocks, faults, and igneous rock formations found in rock layers as evidence of the history of the Earth and its changing life forms.
Bacteria & Viruses;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.1.1Summarize the basic characteristics of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites relating to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.
Bacteria & Viruses;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.1.2Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.
Biotechnology;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.2.1Summarize aspects of biotechnology including: specific genetic information available, careers, economic benefits to North Carolina, ethical issues and implications for agriculture.
Competition in Ecosystems;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.3.1Explain how factors such as food, water, shelter and space affect populations in an ecosystem.
Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of Energy;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.3.2Summarize the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences of such interactions including: coexistance and cooperation, competition (predator/prey), parasitism and mutualism.
Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of Energy;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.3.3Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen).
Natural Selection; Comparative Anatomy; The Fossil Record;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.4.1Summarize the use of evidence drawn from geology, fossils, and comparative anatomy to form the basis for biological classification systems and the theory of evolution.
Natural Selection;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.4.2Explain the relationship between genetic variation and an organisms ability to adapt to its environment.
Food Webs: Cycling of Matter & Flow of Energy;NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.5.1Summarize how food provides the energy and the molecules required for building materials, growth and survival of all organisms (to include plants).
NCEssential Standards8th GradeNCES.8.L.5.2Explain the relationship among a healthy diet, exercise, and the general health of the body (emphasis on the relationship between respiration and digestion).
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