Natural disasters are not preventable but their impacts can be reduced with the help of science and engineering. Some natural disasters can be forecasted based on past scientific data. Scientists look for patterns in data to determine where and when natural disasters are likely to occur, like tornadoes. Other disasters like earthquakes are not yet predictable.
To better understand how to predict natural disasters…
LET’S BREAK IT DOWN!
Reducing Impact of Natural Disasters
Natural disasters cannot be prevented, but some can be predicted, allowing humans to engineer and design solutions for minimizing the impact of natural disasters. Scientists and engineers work together to improve existing technologies or develop new ones to increase their benefits hoping to reduce the impact of natural hazards such as earthquakes, tornadoes, wildfires, tsunamis, and hurricanes.
Some Natural Disasters Can Be Forecasted
Meteorologists use weather data such as air pressure, wind speed, and temperature to make predictions about weather systems. Because of that, severe thunderstorms that have the capability of producing tornadoes can be forecasted, sometimes allowing people to be prepared for a tornadic event by taking shelter and having supplies. Tornadoes are most common in the central United States in an area known as “tornado alley” and are known to cause mass destruction reaching wind speeds in excess of 100 miles per hour. Other times, however, weather systems can change rapidly without warning, and it can make it more difficult to predict storm systems with accuracy.