Light from the sun is called sunlight and it shines down on the Earth’s surface. Sunlight causes the Earth’s surface to heat up. Some things heat up faster than others. In some places the ground can get so hot you can cook an egg on it!
To better understand how sunlight warms the Earth…
LET’S BREAK IT DOWN!
Sunlight causes things to melt.
Melting is when a solid changes into a liquid. Sunlight can speed up the melting process of things like a popsicle.
Sunlight causes Earth’s surfaces heat up.
Sunlight can cause some surfaces to heat up to very high temperatures. Some surfaces can get hot enough to fry an egg.
Thermometers are useful scientific tools.
A thermometer is a tool that can measure how hot something is. We can find the temperature of something by reading a thermometer.
Different materials can provide shade.
We can use different materials to make shade. A curtain, a tent or even a plant can provide shade from the sun.
Some materials provide more shade than others
A window does not provide as much shade as a piece of wood. Materials that are more see through are not as good at providing shade as solid materials.